Mechanical engineering is one of the most diverse and versatile engineering fields. It is basically the study of objects and systems in motion. Mechanical engineering combines engineering physics and mathematics principles with materials science to design, analyze, manufacture, and maintain mechanical systems. It is also one of the oldest streams of science and has been a foundation for many other engineering streams like computer sciences, electrical, etc.
With the dynamically changing technology, mechanical engineering has also changed drastically. Simple machines such as levers & wheels have been invented almost 5000 years ago but mechanical engineering saw its first golden era in the 17th-century during the era of Sir Issac Newton and with the emergence of computers, internet, and information technology there has been a paradigm shift in the way how we study, understand and implement. Since the last two decades, there has been an emergence in some really great software that has made understanding and implementing mechanical engineering easy and more efficient.
Here are some of the most important and useful mechanical engineering software that necessary for every mechanical engineer:
Computer-Aided Design (CAD)
CAD is one of the most popular mechanical engineering software. It is one of the most useful 2D and 3D modeling and design software that is used to model complicated parts of machines and then also helps us in assembling them. Some of the popular CAD software is AutoCAD.
Matlab is one of the most extensively used programming language in mechanical engineering. It is essentially used in doing complex analysis or calculations. Generally in some of the strengths of material tests the data to be plotted is tremendous and due to the size of the vertices, it becomes difficult to perform simple analysis. The most useful feature of Matlab software is its ability to plot huge quantities of data quickly and display results.
Finite Element Analysis Software
FEA is one of the most critical mechanical software that is used for structural analysis. This software uses a mecha ical concept called finite element method which is a numerical technique used to analyze a component’s behavior on the application of an external force or a change in environment. This software is extensively used while developing and testing product design as this software helps in testing the design for any fatigue by stimulating the situation and hence helps manufacturers in optimizing the design process and saving a huge amount of costs that go into prototype testing. After the 3D model is prepared the design is then divided into multiple segments using a mesh. This helps in analyzing the design for the presence of any internal stresses and areas of potential fatigue. Also, we can analyze how the stress would change if the external temperature or pressure is modified.
Microsoft Excel Software
Excel is one of the most widely used spreadsheet software not just for mechanical engineering. The main feature of Excel is numerical calculations, tabulating data, graphical representation, generating pivot tables, and performing macros functions.
It is the most versatile tool for office working and reduces a lot of manual calculations.
Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) which is a built-in programming language for all the Microsoft Office products. It is useful for automating Excel files, Access files, Word files, and any other files created using the MS Office suite. VBA is an incredibly compelling option for implementing small scripts to perform basic automation tasks.
Python Programming Software
Python is a new age emerging programming language and has extensive application among lots of domains. It uses an object-oriented approach and helps developers to write crisp, clear, and logical codes even for larger projects. This is the reason why python programming has become so popular among young developers. One more reason that is useful in so many domains its robustness. In the field of mechanical engineering, it is used for scientific programming and doing complex numerical calculations. It also helps in developing a lot of customized calculation tools that can help in engineering calculations. A lot of operations that were only possible using Matlab are now also possible using custom Python libraries.
By this, we have come to an end to our exhaustive list for all the mechanical engineering software. All these software are being used extensively by the leading companies in the mechanical and automotive space.
For every mechanical engineer, developing a practical approach to all of the engineering subjects is very essential. Getting the hands-on experience of the above-mentioned software will definitely help them understand their subjects. Also, it will help in strengthening your portfolio and enhance the chances of you landing up to your dream job in the mechanical engineering field.